GoNativesNow

Native Forbs, Grasses, Shrubs, Trees List Key
SunPS - partial sun, woodland edge
 S - full sun opening
 W - woods/shade
MoistureW - wet, wet soggy
 WM - wet mesic, heavy with moisture for long periods, but can dry up in summer
 M - mesic, medium moisture
 DM - dry mesic, moisture drains easily
 D - extremely dry
Common NameLatin NameSeasonSun/ShadeMoistureColorHeight
       
ColumbineAquilegia canadensisSprPSDMRed2'
Butterfly weedAsclepias tuberosaSumSDMOrg2'
Tall milkweedAsclepias hirtellaSumSDMGr4'
Rose milkweedAsclepias incarnataSumPSWMPink5'
Purple milkweedAsclepias purpurascensSumSWMPur2'-3'
Ball milkweedAsclepias speciosaSumPSDMWh4'
Common milkweedAsclepias syriacaSumSWM-DWh3'
Sullivant milkweedAsclepias sulivantiiSumPSMPur3'
Whorled milkweedAsclepias verticillataSumPSDMWh2'
Spider milkweedAsclepias viridisSumPSMWh3'
Silkweed milkweedAsclepias curassavicaSumSMPurOr4'
Wild white indigoBaptisia albaLSprSMWh5'
Wild blue indigoBaptisia australisLSprSMPur5'
TurtleheadChelone gabraSumPSWWh5'
CoreopsisCoreopsis lanceolataSumSDMYel6'
Blue mist flowerConoclinium coelestinumLSumSDMPur2'
Coreopsis, plainsCoreopsis tintoriaSumSDYel2'
*Prairie cloverDalea purpureaSumSMPur2'
Illinois bundleflower Desmanthus illinoensisSumPSDMYel5'
Showy tick trefoilDesmodium canadenseSumPSMPur5'
Pale purple coneflowerEchinacea pallidaSumSMPur4'
Purple coneflowerEchinacea purpureaSumSMPur4'
Rattlesnake MasterEryngium yuccifoliumSumPSWMPink2'
White SnakerootEupatorium rugosumAutPSMWh4'
Spotted Joe PyeEutrochium maculatumSumPSWMPink5'
Sweet Joe PyeEutrochium purpureumSumPSMPink7'
Hollow Joe Pye Eutrochium fistulosumSumPSMPink5'
Queen of the PrairieFilipendula rubraSumPSWMPink5'
Wild GeraniumGeranium maculatumSprPSWMPur1'
SneezeweedHelenium autumnaleFallPSWMYel4'
Showy/Oxeye sunflowerHelianthus pauciflorusSumSDMYel5'
Swamp/gray sunflowerHelianthus angustifoliusFallPSWYel5'
Rose MallowHibiscus moscheutosSumPSWMWh5'
Wild Blue Flag IrisIris virginicaSprPSWMPur2'
*Pink marsh mallowKosteletzkya virginicaSumSWPink5'
Button/Rough Blazing StarLiatris asperaSumPSDMPur3'
Prairie Blazing StarLiatris pycnostachyaSumPSWMPur4'
GayfeatherLiatris spicataSumPSWMPur5'
Cardinal flowerLobelia cardinalisSumPSWRed4'
Great Blue LobeliaLobelia siphiliticaSumPSWMBl3'
False Solomon's SealMaianthemum racemosumSprPSWMWh3'
Monkey flowerMimulis ringensSumPSWMPur2'
*4-o'clocksMirabilis multifloraSpr/SumS/PSMPink18"
Bradbury's MonardaMonarda bradburianaLSprPSMPink3'
Wild Beebalm/BergamontMonarda fistulosaSumPSMPur4'
Prickly pearOpuntia humifusaSumSDYel1'
Solomon SealPolygonatum ordoratumSprPSWMWh2'
Grey headed coneflowerRatibida pinnataSumPSDMYel6'
Black-eyed susanRudbeckia hirtaSumPSMYel3'
Green headed coneflowerRudbeckia laciniataSumPSMYel4'
Sweet black-eyed susanRudbeckia submentosaAutPSMYel5'
Branched coneflowerRudbeckia trilobaAutPSMYel5'
Wild QuinineParthenium integrifoliumSumPMWh4'
Foxglove BeardtonguePenstemon digitalisSumPSMWh3'
SennaSenna hepecarpaSumPSMYel5'
Royal CatchflySilene reginaSumPSMRed3'
*Compass plantSiliphium laciniatumSumSMYel6'-12'
Cup plantSiliphium perfoliatumSumPSMYel8'
*Prairie dockSiliphium terebinthinaceumSumSMYel3'-10'
Canada goldenrodSolidago canadensisAutSMYel5'
Stiff goldenrodSolidago rigidaAutPSMYel4'
Celandine poppyStylophorum diphyllumSprPSMYel6"
Wood aster, blueSymphyotrichum cordifoliumAutPSMBl3'
Wood aster, whiteSymphyotrichum ericoidesAutPSMWh6"-3'
Smooth Blue AsterSymphyotrichum laevis AutSMPur4'
New England asterSymphyotrichum novae-angliaeAutPSMPur3'
Sky blue asterSymphyotrichum oolentangienseAutSDMPur2'
Ohio spiderwort/bluejacketTradescantia ohiensisSumPSDMBlue2'
IronweedVeronia fasciculatusLSumSMPur6'
Violet, purpleViola sororiaSprWDMPur4"
Violet, purple and whiteViola striataSprWDMPurW4"
Violet, whiteViola canadensisSprWDMWh2"
Violet, wood yellowViola bifloraSprWDMYel4"
       
Grasses      
Big BluestemAndropogon gerardii AutSMBG4'
*Fringed sedgeCarex crinitaLSprShadeWGold1'-3'
*Side oats gramaBouteloua curtipendulaSumPSDMPink3'
*Bearded sedgeCarex comosaLSprPSWGold1'-3'
*Creeping blue sedgeCarex laximulmisSumPSDMGr6"
*Purple love grassEragrostis spectabilisSumSMPur3'
*Bottlebrush grassHysteria spatulaSumPSMGold2'-5'
SwitchgrassPanicum virginiatumAutSMBr5'
Prairie dropseed grassSporobolus heterolepisAutPSMBr4'
Little bluestem grassSchyzachyrium scoperiumAutPSMBr2'
*Indian grassSorghastrum nutansAutSMBr4'-6'
River Oat GrassUniola latifoliaAutPSMBr4'
       
Annuals      
Cupid's DartCatananche caruleaannualSMPur2'
Basket flower, whiteCentaurea americanaannualSMWh4'
Basket flower, purpleCentaurea americanaannualSMPur4'
Gilia's Bee's HomeGilia capitataannualSMPur2'
Partridge PeaChameacrista fasciculateannualSMYel1'
Clasping coneflowerRudbeckia amplexicaulisannualSMYel3'
       
Trees/Scrubs      
Silver mapleAcer saccharinumSumSWMGr30'
Black mapleAcer nigrumSumSDGr20'
Bottlebrush buckeyeAesculis parvifloraSumPSDMWh10'
ButtonbushCephalanthus occidentalisSumPSWMWh15'x7'
River birchBetula nigraSpSWGr20'
HackberryCeltis occidentalisSumSDWh30'
Black walnutJuglans negraSumSDNuts40'
Spice bushLindera benzoinSpSDGr8'x6'
CrabappleMalus coronariaSpPSDPink10'
Sweet bay magnoliaMagnolia virginianaSumPSWMWh10'x4'
Star magnoliaMagnolia stellataSpPSDWh8'
Saucer magnoliaMagnolia x soulageantSpSDMPink12'
Black elderberrySambucus nigraSumSDMWh8'x6'
Nanny berryViburnum lentoSpSDWh8'x6'