GoNativesNow

Native Forbs, Grasses, Shrubs, Trees List Key
*New in 2018
**Milkweed not native in Ohio
ySeeds available
SunPS - partial sun, woodland edge
 S - full sun opening
 W - woods/shade
MoistureW - wet, wet soggy
 WM - wet mesic, heavy with moisture for long periods, but can dry up in summer
 M - mesic, medium moisture
 DM - dry mesic, moisture drains easily
 D - extremely dry
Common NameLatin Name SeasonSun/ShadeMoistureColorHeight
        
*Wild hyssopAgastache foeniculumySumSDMPur2'
*RampsAllium tricoccum SprPSWMWh1'
*PusseytoesAnternnaria plantaginifolia SprS/PSWMWhG
ColumbineAquilegia canadensis SprPSDMRed2'
*Jack-in-the-pulpetArisaema triphyllum SprPS/ShWMGr1'
*Wild gingerAsarum canadense SprPSWMRG
Butterfly weedAsclepias tuberosaySumSDMOrg2'
Tall milkweedAsclepias hirtella SumSDMGr4'
Rose/swamp milkweedAsclepias incarnataySumPSWMPink5'
Purple milkweedAsclepias purpurascensySumSWMPur2'-3'
Ball/showy milkweedAsclepias speciosaySumPSDMWh4'
Common milkweedAsclepias syriacaySumSWM-DWh3'
Sullivant milkweedAsclepias sulivantiiySumPSMPur3'
Whorled milkweedAsclepias verticillataySumPSDMWh2'
Spider milkweedAsclepias viridisySumPSMWh3'
**Silkweed milkweedAsclepias curassavicaySumSMPurOr4'
*False goatsbeardAstilbe biternata SprPSWMWh1-2'
Wild white indigoBaptisia alba LSprSMWh5'
Wild blue indigoBaptisia australisyLSprSMPur5'
TurtleheadChelone gabraySumPSWWh5'
*Spring beautyClaytonia virginica SprPSMWhG
*Virgin's bowerClematis virginianaySumSMWhV
Native lily of the valleyConvallaria majuscule SprPS/SMWhG
CoreopsisCoreopsis lanceolataySumSDMYel6'
Coreopsis, plainsCoreopsis tintoriaySumSDYel2'
*Honey vine milkweedCynanchum leaveySumSMWhV
Prairie cloverDalea purpureaySumSMPur2'
*Crinkleroot toothwortDentaria diphylla SprPSWMWhG
Illinois bundleflower Desmanthus illinoensisySumPSDMYel5'
Showy tick trefoilDesmodium canadense SumPSMPur5'
*Dutchman's britchesDicentra cucullaria SprPSMWhG
Purple coneflowerEchinacea purpureaySumSMPur4'
Rattlesnake MasterEryngium yuccifoliumySumPSWMPink2'
*BonesetEupatorium perfoliatumySumPSWMWh3-4'
White SnakerootEupatorium rugosumyAutPSMWh4'
White snakeroot, redEupatorium rugosumyAutPSMWh, R 4'
*White wood asterEurybia divaricatayAutPS/SMWh4'
Spotted Joe PyeEutrochium maculatumySumPSWMPink5'
Sweet Joe PyeEutrochium purpureumySumPSMPink7'
Hollow Joe Pye Eutrochium fistulosumySumPSMPink5'
*Yellow trout lilyErythronium americanum SprPSMYelG
Queen of the PrairieFilipendula rubraySumPSWMPink5'
*Wild strawberryFragaria virginiana SprPSWMWhV
*Indian blanketGaillardia pulchellaySumSMOrg2-3'
*WandflowerGalax aphelia SprPSWMWh4-6"
*Biennial bee blossomGaura bienniaySumSMPink3'
Wild GeraniumGeranium maculatum SprPSWMPur1'
**Hairy balls milkweedGomphocarpus physocarpusySumSMWh3-4'
*Downy rattlesnake orchidGoodyera pubescens SprPSWMWh1"
SneezeweedHelenium autumnale FallPSWMYel4'
Showy/Oxeye sunflowerHelianthus pauciflorusySumSDMYel5'
Swamp/gray sunflowerHelianthus angustifolius FallPSWYel5'
*Ashy sunflowerHelianthus mollisySumSMYel3-5'
*False sunflowerHeliopsis helianthoidesySumSWMYel3-5"
*Sharp toothed hepaticaHepatica acutiloba SprPSWMWh-BlG
Rose MallowHibiscus moscheutosySumPSWMWh5'
*Yellow star grassHypoxis hirsuta SprS/PSMYelG
*Dwarf crested irisIris cristata SprS/PSMPurG
*Blackberry/leopard lilyIris domesticaySprPSMPur6"
Wild Blue Flag IrisIris virginica SprPSWMPur2'
Pink marsh mallowKosteletzkya virginica SumSWPink5'
Button/Rough Blazing StarLiatris asperaySumPSDMPur3'
Prairie Blazing StarLiatris pycnostachyaySumPSWMPur4'
GayfeatherLiatris spicataySumPSWMPur5'
*Michigan lilyLilium michiganenseySumSMOrg6'
Cardinal flowerLobelia cardinalisySumPSWRed4'
Great Blue LobeliaLobelia siphiliticaySumPSWMBl3'
*Wild/sundial lupinLupinus perennisySumSMPur4'
False Solomon's SealMaianthemum racemosum SprPSWMWh3'
Monkey flowerMimulis ringens SumPSWMPur2'
4-o'clocksMirabilis multifloraySpr/SumS/PSMPink18"
Bradbury's MonardaMonarda bradburiana LSprPSMPink3'
Red beebalmMonarda dydamaySumSMR4'
Wild Beebalm/BergamontMonarda fistulosaySumPSMPur4'
*Glade mallowNapea dioicaySumSMPink5'
Prickly pearOpuntia humifusa SumSDYel1'
*Allegheny mountain spurgePachysandra procumbent SprSh/PSWMWhG
*Prairie beardtongue ecoPenstemon cobaeaySumSMPur3'
*Foxglove beardtongue govPenstemon digitalisySumSMPur2'
*MayapplePodophyllum peltatum SprSh/PSWMWh1-2'
Solomon SealPolygonatum ordoratum SprPSWMWh2'
*Appalachian mintPycnanthemum flexuosumySumSWMWh1-2'
*Mountain mint (short toothed)Pycnanthemum muticumySumSMWh1-2'
*Common mountain mintPycnanthemum virginianumySumSMWh-Bl1-2'
Grey headed coneflowerRatibida pinnataySumPSDMYel6'
Black-eyed susanRudbeckia hirta SumPSMYel3'
Green headed coneflowerRudbeckia laciniataySumPSMYel4'
Sweet black-eyed susanRudbeckia submentosa AutPSMYel5'
Branched coneflowerRudbeckia trilobayAutPSMYel5'
Wild QuinineParthenium integrifolium SumPMWh4'
Foxglove beardtonguePenstemon digitalisySumPSMWh3'
*Hairy beardtonguePenstemon hirsutusyE.SumSMLav2'
*BloodrootSanguinaria canadensis SprSh/PSWMWhG
SennaSenna hepecarpaySumPSMYel5'
Royal CatchflySilene reginaySumPSMRed3'
*RosinweedSiliphium integrifoliumySumSMYel6-7'
*Compass plantSiliphium laciniatumySumSMYel6'-12'
Cup plantSiliphium perfoliatumySumPSMYel8'
*Prairie dockSiliphium terebinthinaceumySumSMYel3'-10'
Blue-stemmed goldenrodSolidago caesis yAutSMYel2'-4'
Canada goldenrodSolidago canadensis AutSMYel5'
*Ohio goldenrodSolidago ohioensisyAutSMYel4-5'
Stiff goldenrodSolidago rigidayAutPSMYel4'
Celandine poppyStylophorum diphyllum SprPSMYel6"
Wood aster, blueSymphyotrichum cordifolium AutPSMBl3'
Wood aster, whiteSymphyotrichum ericoides AutPSMWh6"-3'
Smooth Blue AsterSymphyotrichum laevis yAutSMPur4'
New England asterSymphyotrichum novae-angliaeyAutPSMPur3'
Sky blue asterSymphyotrichum oolentangiense AutSDMPur2'
Ohio spiderwort/bluejacketTradescantia ohiensis SumPSDMBlue2'
*Large flowered trilliumTrillium grandiflora SprSh/PSWMWh1'
BellwortUvularia grandiflora SprPSWMYel1-2'
Spreading bellwortUvularia sessilifolia SprPSWMYel1'
*Blue vervainVerbena hastataySumSMPur3-5'
*WingstemVerbesina alternifoliayLSumSWMYel3-8'
Common ironweedVeronia fasciculatusyLSumSMPur6'
*New York ironweedVeronia noveboracensisyLSumSMPur4'
Violet, purpleViola sororia SprSh/PSDMPurG
*Violet, confederate Viola sororia var. priceana SprSh/PSDMWh/purG
Violet, purple and whiteViola striata SprSh/PSDMPurWG
Violet, whiteViola canadensis SprSh/PSDMWhG
Violet, yellowViola pubescens SprSh/PSDMYelG
*Golden alexanderZizia aureayESumSMYel3-4'
        
Grasses       
Big BluestemAndropogon gerardii yAutSMBG4'
*Side oats gramaBouteloua curtipendulaySumPSDMPink3'
*Bearded sedgeCarex comosa LSprPSWGold1'-3'
*Fringed sedgeCarex crinita LSprShadeWGold1'-3'
Mace sedgeCarex grayy     
*Creeping blue sedgeCarex laximulmis SumPSDMGr6"
Seersucker sedgeCarex plantaginea Spr    
Bottlebrush grassElymus hysteria      
*Purple love grassEragrostis spectabilis SumSMPur3'
*Bottlebrush grassHysteria spatulaySumPSMGold2'-5'
SwitchgrassPanicum virginiatumyAutSMBr5'
Prairie dropseed grassSporobolus heterolepis AutPSMBr4'
Little bluestem grassSchyzachyrium scoperiumyAutPSMBr2'
*Indian grassSorghastrum nutansyAutSMBr4'-6'
River Oat GrassUniola latifoliayAutPSMBr4'
        
Annuals       
Cupid's DartCatananche carulea annualSMPur2'
Basket flower, whiteCentaurea americana annualSMWh4'
Basket flower, purpleCentaurea americana annualSMPur4'
Partridge PeaChameacrista fasciculateyannualSMYel1-3'
**Bronze fennelFoeniculum vulgareyannualSMBro2-3'
Gilia's Bee's HomeGilia capitata annualSMPur2'
*Jewel weed/touch me not, orImpatiens capensisyannualSWOrg3'
*Jewel weed/touch me not, yetImpatiens pallidayannualSMYel3'
*Wild red 4 o'clocksMirabilis jalapayannualSMRed2-3'
Clasping coneflowerRudbeckia amplexicaulis annualSMYel3'
**Mexican sunflowerTithonia rotundifoliayannualSMOrg/Yel5'
**VerbenaVerbena bonariensisyannualSMPur2-3'
        
Trees/Scrubs       
Silver mapleAcer saccharinum SumSWMGr30'
Black mapleAcer nigrum SumSDGr20'
Bottlebrush buckeyeAesculis parviflora SumPSDMWh10'
River birchBetula nigra SpSWGr20'
ButtonbushCephalanthus occidentalis SumPSWMWh15'x7'
HackberryCeltis occidentalis SumSDWh30'
Button bushCephalanthus occidentalis SprPSWMWh5'
Red twig dogwoodCornus sericea SumPSWMWh4'
PersimonDiospyros virginiana SumS-PSMWh20'
Black walnutJuglans negra SumSDNuts40'
Spice bushLindera benzoin SpSDGr8'x6'
Sweet bay magnoliaMagnolia virginianaySumPSWMWh10'x4'
Star magnoliaMagnolia stellata SpPSDWh8'
Saucer magnoliaMagnolia x soulageant SpSDMPink12'
CrabappleMalus coronariaySpPSDPink10'
*Wild plumPrunus americanusySumSWMWh15'
*Burr oakQuercus macrocarpa SprSMGre50'
*Red oakQuercus rubra SprSMGre50'
*Pin oakQuercus palustresySprSMGre50'
Black elderberrySambucus nigra SumSDMWh8'x6'
SassafrassSassafras albidum SumSMWh20'
Nanny berryViburnum lento SpSDWh8'x6'
updated 1/1/18